The Full Bench of the Fair Work Commission recently handed down a decision that will expand on an employer's obligations when considering an employee's request for 'family friendly' working arrangements. The decision will insert a model term into all modern awards (Flexible Work Decision).Courtney Ford & Catherine Burkhalter, Maddocks Lawyers
The Flexible Work Decision inserts a model term which will:
The new model term will not apply to employees covered by an existing enterprise agreement (EA), although it will need to be considered as part of EA negotiations as it will be relevant to the "better off overall test" (BOOT) going forward, in circumstances where awards containing the model term apply. 
The response to the proposed model term has been generally positive on both sides of the fence. Nonetheless, as it is likely that the changes will take effect in the next couple of months, it is important for employers to understand the proposed changes now. We outline below the background to the Flexible Work Decision, the new obligations imposed on employers, and the steps your organisation can take now to prepare for the coming changes.
The Flexible Work Decision is part of a suite of decisions arising from the Commission's four-yearly review of modern awards, and its consideration of 'family friendly work arrangements' in particular.
Currently under s 65 of the FW Act, certain employees are eligible to request changes in their working arrangements in specific circumstances, such as if the employee is a carer, a parent of a child who is school age or younger, has a disability, or is 55 years or older. Employers must provide a written response to requests for flexible working arrangements within 21 days, stating whether the employer grants or refuses the request. Employers may refuse the request only on 'reasonable business grounds'.
Earlier this year, the ACTU made an application for a new award right for parents and carers to:
The Full Bench rejected the ACTU's claim, finding that such changes had 'the potential to have a substantial adverse impact on businesses'.
The Full Bench then published a provisional clause allowing certain employees to request a change in working arrangements based on their parental or caring responsibilities, and sought feedback about whether the entitlement should be extended to workers with disabilities, over 55-year-olds, and workers experiencing domestic violence. The Flexible Work Decision comes as a result of substantial feedback from employers and employee organisations.
The Full Bench's Flexible Work Decision proposes to insert a model award term that supplements the current legislation in the following ways:
The proposed model term will apply to all modern awards unless it is demonstrated to the Commission that the achievement of a modern award's objective does not require its inclusion. It remains to be seen whether any employer or industry groups will argue that the model term should be excluded from particular modern awards.
While the new model term will impose extra obligations on employers managing employee requests for flexible working arrangements, there is no reason to be concerned. In most cases, employers will simply need to enhance their existing processes for managing employee requests for flexible working arrangements, and they will continue to be able to refuse requests based on (genuine) reasonable business grounds. Many employers already have practices that reflect the proposed terms, given the requirements of discrimination legislation.
The model award term will not be relevant to employees covered by an existing EA. However, it will need to be considered as part of the BOOT for future EAs.
To ensure compliance with the proposed model term going forward, your organisation may wish to consider taking the following steps now:
If in doubt, consider seeking legal advice about how your organisation can best meet its obligations for managing employee requests for flexible working arrangements.
We continue to monitor this space and will provide additional updates if further substantive changes are proposed.
For more information, contact Maddocks on 03 9258 3555 and ask to speak to the Employment team.
 Family Friendly Working Arrangements  FWCFB 5753.
 See our comment on this below.
 Non-casual employees who have been employed with the same employer on a continuous basis for at least 12 months, or long-term casual employees with a reasonable expectation of continuing regular and systematic employment with the employer.
 Family Friendly Working Arrangements  FWCFB 1692.
 Family Friendly Working Arrangements  FWCFB 5753 at .
 ss. 44(2) and 739 (2) of the Fair Work Act.
Melissa is a lawyer in the Maddocks Commercial team.
Melissa has been involved in acting for a range of commercial and professional industry clients.
Melissa advises extensively in the following areas:
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For more information, contact Maddocks on (03) 9258 3555 and ask to speak to a member of their team.